Below is a list of the history pages, personal accounts, extracts and photos that have been tagged with a reference to 'WWI'...
1. [ history ]
An introduction to the history of the 51st Highland Division.
2. [ history ]
A brief outline of 51st (Highland) Division in the First World War 1914 - 1919
3. [ history ]
During the Battle of the Somme, High wood had been taken by 7th Dragoon Guards and Deccan Horse but part had subsequently been retaken by the Germans. The division was ordered into the line on 21 July that evening. With less than twenty four hours to prepare, on 22 July 1916 the Division was ordered to attack High Wood...
4. [ history ]
A description of the battle of Ancre in November 1916 which, for the 51st Highland Division, will be remembered as the Battle of Beaumont Hamel.
5. [ history ]
The 51st Highland Division in the Battle of Arras during the First World War, April 1917
6. [ history ]
The Third Ypres, also know as Passchendaele, was fought between 31 July to 10 November 1917. The 51st Highland Division was involved in two of the battles in the earlier stages; the Battle of Pilkem (Passchendaele) opened 31 July and Poelcappelle 20 September 1917.
7. [ history ]
The 51st Highland Division Attack at Poelcappelle, 20th September 1917.
8. [ history ]
Description of the 51st Highland Division at the Battle of Cambrai, 20th November 1917.
9. [ history ]
During the afternoon of 20th March a scout of the Black Watch, lying out in No Man's Land, observed between 6000 and 7000 men, not wearing their packs, enter the enemy's trenches. It was therefore evident that the enemy was assembling for the attack.
10. [ history ]
On the morning of 14 July 1918, before the first troops of the 15th, 34th, 51st, and 62nd British Divisions had reached their destination, the Germans launched an offensive on a front of 80km east and south-west of Rheims, crossing the Marne.
11. [ history ]
In early August 1918 the 51st Highland Division was recuperating having returned to XVII Corps from Champagne and the Battle of the Marne and was once again in familiar ground north west of Arras.
12. [ history ]
Extracts from texts describing the last month of World War One for the men of the 51st Highland Division
13. [ battalions ]
A short history of the 8th Battalion The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (8RS)
14. [ history ]
Citations of those VCs awarded to men of the 51st (Highland) Division during WW1
15. [ battalions ]
A brief history of the 9th Battalion Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) (9RS)
1. [ account ]
An extract from Pte. MacPherson's Diary of Active Service detailing his movements between 29th February to 4th March 1916 as the 9th Royal Scots joined the 51st (Highland) Division.
2. [ account ]
Extract from Pte. MacPherson's Diary of Active Service, details the Attack on High Wood, Somme, 21st & 22nd July 1916
3. [ extract ]
Description of the 2nd attack on High wood on 30th July 1916. Extract from "The Fifty First in France" by Capt. RR Ross, Gordon Highlanders, published in 1918.
4. [ account ]
Personal account from the Diary of Pte. MacPherson, 9th Royal Scots, of 154 Brigade during the attack on Beaumont Hamel between the 12th - 14th November 1916
5. [ extract ]
An extract from Derek Bird's "The Spirit of the Troops is Excellent" detailing 152 Brigade's attack on Beaumont-Hamel, 13 NOV 1916.
6. [ op order ]
Instructions relating to Operations Order, issued (12th Nov 1916) for the attack by 1/6th Battalion, Black Watch, at Beaumont Hamel 13th Nov. including the attached Fire Plan time table.
7. [ op order ]
Operations Order for the attack by 1/6th Battalion, The Black Watch, at Beaumont Hamel 13th Nov 1916.
8. [ account ]
Sgt. William Gosling, Royal Field Artillery, 3rd Wessex Bde., awarded the VC, 5th April 1917, near Arras, France
9. [ extract ]
An extract from "The Spirit of the troops is Excellent" by Derek Bird detailing the attack by the 6th Seaforth on trenches near Roclincourt during the Battle of Arras on the 9th/10th April 1917.
10. [ account ]
Personal account from Pte. MacPherson, 9th Royal Scots, 154 Brigade, of the Battle of Arras betweem 15th - 24th April 1917.
11. [ extract ]
An extract on The Third Ypres from Derek Bird's "The Spirit of the Troops is Excellent"
12. [ extract ]
Wauchope's "A History of the Black Watch in the Great War" quotes an account of "a man of D company" in the 6th Battalion during The Third Ypres / Passchendale
13. [ account ]
Private George McIntosh, 1/6th Gordon Highlanders, awarded the VC, 31st July 1917, Ypres, Belgium
14. [ account ]
Sgt. Edwards, 1/6th Seaforth Highlanders, awarded the Victoria Cross for conspicuous bravery in attack during 31st July & 1st August 1917, North of Ypres, Belgium.
15. [ extract ]
The Third Ypres from the 'Gordon Highlanders in the First World War' by Cyril Falls
16. [ account ]
L/Cpl Robert McBeath, 1/5th Seaforth Highlanders, awarded the Victoria Cross, West of Cambrai, France, 20th November 1917.
17. [ extract ]
Account of the Gordon Highlanders' advance during the Battle of Cambrai, 20/21 Nov 1917, from the "THE GORDON HIGHLANDERS in the FIRST WORLD WAR 1914-1919" by Cyril Falls
18. [ extract ]
6th Seaforth at the Bois de Courton, July 1918. Extract from "The Spirit of the Troops is Excellent. The 6th (Morayshire) Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders in the Great War 1914-1918" by Derek Bird
19. [ extract ]
The Croix de Guerre was awarded to the 6th (Perthshire) Battalion The Black Watch for their actions in the Second Battle of the Marne which took place between 20th and 30th July 1918.
20. [ account ]
Sgt. John Meickle, 4th Seaforth Highlanders, awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery on 20th July 1918 near Marfaux, France
21. [ account ]
Lieutenant William D Bissett, 1/6th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, Awarded the Victoria Cross, East of Maing, 25.10.18
22. [ account ]
Document from Major-General C.A. Blacklock 63rd (Royal Naval) Division, issued at 08.30 hrs on 11th November 1918, instructing the cease fire form 11.00 hours that would become the end of WW1
23. [ general ]
A unique piece of audio history in the form of an audio recording, documenting a commemorative unveiling of the memorial at Beaumont Hamel.
1. [ photo ]
9th RS at rest in Leith nr. Edinburgh, 1914.
2. [ photo ]
Black Watch Officers c 1914/15
3. [ photo ]
Black Watch Officers, c1914/15
4. [ photo ]
Men of Black Watch in a trench. c 1914 / 15
5. [ photo ]
An Officer of the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders
6. [ photo ]
A solider of the Seaforth Highlanders. Sutherland and Caithness. 152 Brigade. (c. 1914/15)
7. [ photo ]
Picture shows Sgt. Alexander Edwards with his fiancée Bella Christie and his
8. [ photo ]
This picture shows Brothers Alexander, John and William Edwards. Sgt. Alexander Edwards was awarded the VC in July 1917.
9. [ photo ]
8th Royal Scots at work digging trenches as Capt. G. Suttie and Major Brook observe. Circa Autumn, 1914.
10. [ photo ]
Capt. G. Suttie and Lieut. Col. H. Brook mounted on horses in front of men of the 8th Battalion Royal Scots at camp, circa 1914.
11. [ photo ]
This panoramic photograph has been pieced together from photos kindly sent to us by Ian Edmondson. There is an inscription overlay which reads "Highland Div. F.A.M.B. Mobilised for European War April 1915". The inscription is hard to decipher but it is thought the abbreviation reads FAMB, which according to the Army Medical Services Museum was an accepted abbreviation for "Field Ambulance".
12. [ photo ]
This is the cover note inserted into Volume 1 (of 2) of the Diary of Pte. MacPherson, 9th Royal Scots, Nov 1915 to May 1917.
13. [ photo ]
Sketch map by Pte. MacPherson, 9th Royal Scots, illustrating positions around River Somme around Eclusier, Frise and Curlu Villages. November - December 1915. Sketch forms part of MacPherson's Diary.
14. [ photo ]
1/9th Royal Scots c.1916. The 9th Battalion Royal Scots joined the 51st Highland Division in 1916.
15. [ photo ]
Battle patches as worn by units of the 51st (Highland) Division. Extract from war diary of 1/5th Gordon Highlanders, National Archives WO95/2881
16. [ photo ]
Section of trench system "The Labyrinth" June - July 1916
17. [ photo ]
British artillery bombard the German trenches immediately prior to attack, Beaumont Hamel.
18. [ photo ]
Shell craters close to Mametz Wood. July 1916
19. [ photo ]
Sketch map by Pte. MacPherson, 9th Royal Scots. Caption reads "Happy Valley", Somme, July 1916. Sketch illustrates trench positions between Mametz Wood and High Wood around Bazentin. Sketch forms part of MacPherson's diary of Active Service.
20. [ photo ]
Mametz village in ruin. Taken 4th July after its capture by the 7th Division on 1st July 1916 during the Battle of Albert.
21. [ photo ]
8-inch Howitzers of 39th Siege Battery in Fricourt-Mametz Valley, August 1916.
22. [ photo ]
Photograph showing the Black Watch marching back along the Fricourt-Albert road led by pipers. Aug '16
23. [ photo ]
Men of the 9th Battalion, Royal Scots marching in waterproofs. Amiens-Albert road, September 1916.
24. [ photo ]
Aerial photograph looking north towards Martinpuich, showing High Wood (right) during Battle of the Somme. The trenches and scares from artillery shelling litter the landscape.
25. [ photo ]
Photograph of transport along the Auchonvillers to Beaumont Hamel road, November 1916.
26. [ photo ]
Flooding across the Ancre Valley area, November 1916
27. [ photo ]
An IWM Photograph showing British troops returning from leave at Mailly Maillet, November 1916. The soldiers include Lancashire Fusiliers (154 Brigade) and the Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding).
28. [ photo ]
Sketch map by Pte. MacPherson, 9th Royal Scots, showing Ancre Valley area between November - December 1916. Part of MacPherson's diary of Active Service.
29. [ photo ]
Men of Gordons in a reserve trench. Bazentin-le-Petit. Somme. November 1916.
30. [ photo ]
A pack horse loaded with rubber trench boots (waiders) is led through the mud near Beaumont Hamel on the Somme battlefield, November 1916.
31. [ photo ]
Map / Diagram showing the 152 Brigade Attack on Beaumont Hamel on 13 November 1916 during the Battle of Ancre.
32. [ photo ]
Ruins of the Railway Station at Beaumont Hamel, captured by the 51st Division on 13 November 1916, during Battle of the Ancre.
33. [ photo ]
German prisoners counted in from Beaumont Hamel, captured by the 51st (Highland) Division on 13th November 1916.
34. [ photo ]
This photograph shows the reference map of German trench positions and objectives described in Operation Orders No. 149 for the attack by 1/6th Battalion, Black Watch, on Beaumont Hamel, 13 November 1916. The original is held at the Black Watch Museum.
35. [ photo ]
This photograph shows Operation Orders for the attack by 1/6th Battalion, The Black Watch, at Beaumont Hamel on 13 Nov 1916. The original is held within the archives of the Black Watch Museum and is too delicate and worn in places to read easily, however, the text has been retyped and can be read from our WWI > Battle of Ancre history section. A map that accompanied the order can also be viewed there.
36. [ photo ]
View of the battlefield of Beaumont Hamel (Battle of Ancre) showing the blasted land.
37. [ photo ]
The remains of the village of Beaumont Hamel after its capture during the Battle of the Ancre. The photograph (taken 26 Nov 1916) shows British troops in the ruins of Beaumont Hamel on the Somme battlefield two weeks after its capture on 13 Nov 1916.
38. [ photo ]
The mound of rubble on the left is noted as the ruins of the Church at Beaumont Hamel. The grave crosses in foreground are German. Photograph taken 26th November 1916.
39. [ photo ]
Shell bursting amongst the barbed wire entanglements on the battlefield at Beaumont Hamel, December 1916
40. [ photo ]
A British 9.5" Trench Mortar, pictured in an old German trench in Pigeon Wood, along with its crew. Gommecourt, March 1917.
41. [ photo ]
This is one of Fred A. Farrell's etchings depicting the 6th Gordons exiting a trench close to Themes Wood near Vimey Ridge. Assumed to be circa April 1917. Farrell was a War Artist, attached to the 51st Highland Division for a short period during 1918.
42. [ photo ]
Sergeant William Gosling, Royal Field Artillery, 3rd Wessex Bde.
Awarded the VC for conspicuous bravery near Arras, France, 5th April 1917.
43. [ photo ]
Picture of the Victoria Cross
44. [ photo ]
Sketch map detailing trench positions and attack lines during the 6th Seaforth's attack at Roclincourt, Arras on the night of the 9th April 1917 as part of the Nivelle Offensive.
45. [ photo ]
The ruins of Feuchy after its capture by 9th (Scottish) Division on the opening day of the Battle of Arras, 9 April 1917.
46. [ photo ]
Sketch map made by Pte. MacPherson, 9th Royal Scots, illustrating German and Allied positions around Fampoux and Roeux Villages along the River Scarpe during late April 1917. Sketch comes from MacPherson's diary of his Active Service.
47. [ photo ]
Advance dressing station within a dugout, close to a battery of 18-pounder field guns. The village in the distance is Monchy-le-Preux, east of Arras, under fire from German positions. The photo is dated 24th April 1917 and is from the Imperial War Museum collection.
48. [ photo ]
The ruined Town Hall, Arras, May 1917
49. [ photo ]
Photo depicting the ruins of Roclincourt, north of Arras. Taken 30 May 1917.
50. [ photo ]
Warrant Offices and Sergeants of 7th Black Watch near St. Omer, July 1917, before the 3rd Battle of Ypres
51. [ photo ]
A sketch map showing positions and attack plan at 3rd Ypres
52. [ photo ]
A copy of the sketch map showing positions and attack plan for 3rd Ypres, June 1917. Colour overlay has been applied to help illustrate the objectives.
53. [ photo ]
Map showing 6th Seaforth Advance at third Battle of Ypres from "The Spirit of the Troops is Excellent" By Derek Bird
54. [ photo ]
Photograph taken 31st July 1917 during the Battle of Pilckem Ridge : Crossing the Yser Canal at Boesinghe.
55. [ photo ]
Private George McIntosh, 1/6th Gordon Highlanders. Awarded VC for conspicuous bravery, Ypres, Belgium
31st July 1917.
56. [ photo ]
Sgt. Alexander Flemming Edwards, awarded the Victoria Cross, 31st July - 1st August 1917
57. [ photo ]
Sketch map of positions at Poelcappelle, 20th September 1917.
58. [ photo ]
Alexander is pictured being awarded his Victoria Cross by King George on the forecourt of Buckingham Palace on 26th September 1917.
59. [ photo ]
A Lewis gun post of the 4th Seaforth Highlanders, 51st Division, nr. Wancourt, 23rd October 1917.
60. [ photo ]
IWM Photo of Cemetery nr. Roclincourt. Taken on 31 Oct 1917.
61. [ photo ]
British Mark IV Female Tanks at Plateau Station, November 1917, aboard flat-bed railway carriages prior to transportation to forward area before the Battle of Cambrai. Each Tank is fitted with a 'Fascine', a large bundle of brushwood used to aid the crossing of open trenches.
62. [ photo ]
British Mark IV Tank 'Edinburgh II' of No.12 Section, 15 Company, 'E' Battalion, knocked out on Flesquieres Ridge during Battle of Cambrai
63. [ photo ]
Map detailing advance on 6th Seaforth in Battle of Cambrai, 20th November 1917.
64. [ photo ]
Sketch map of the Gordon Highlanders' advance in Battle of Cambrai, 20th/21st November 1917.
65. [ photo ]
Men of a battalion from the 51st (Highland) Division crossing captured German communication trenches near Ribecourt on their way to the front line (Battle of Cambrai), 20 November 1917.
66. [ photo ]
Awarded the Victoria Cross for conspicuous bravery during the attack by 1/5 Seaforth at the Battle of Cambrai, France.
67. [ photo ]
Destroyed British tanks overturned and in pieces across from the "Shooting Box" in Bourlon Wood during the Battle of Cambrai, November 1917.
68. [ photo ]
Men of the 51st Highland Division taking the opportunity to shave at the well in the newly captured village of Flesquieres, 23 November 1917, during the Battle of Cambrai
69. [ photo ]
1/6 (Renfrew) Bn, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, 153 Brigade. c.1918
70. [ photo ]
1/6th (Banff) Battalion, Gordon Highlanders. 152 Brigade. c1918/1919.
71. [ photo ]
This photograph shows men of the 1st or 2nd Highland Brigade. R.F.A., 51st Highland Division. C.1918/19. Two of the three men in the photograph are members of the Royal Field Artillery, the one on the left wearing the HD flash. The figure on the right is from the Army Remount Service. Both photographs are from the collection of Bob Marrion.
72. [ photo ]
An etching of a Munitions Factory by Fred A. Farrel, War Artist, attached to the 51st during 1918.
73. [ photo ]
A Fred Farrell etching of shell fire at night. Farrell was a War Artist, attached to the 51st Division during 1918.
74. [ photo ]
General Harper was succeeded as commander of the 51st Division by Major-General G. T. C. Carter-Campbell, C.B., D.S.O., Scottish Rifles, who remained in command until after the armistice. General Carter-Campbell had been seriously wounded Neuve Chapelle, in which action his battalion had sustained more severe casualties to officers than had ever before occurred in a single engagement. For his conspicuous gallantry and leadership in this action he had received au immediate award of the D.S.O.
75. [ photo ]
On 11th March 1918 Major-General Sir G. M. Harper, K.C.B., D.S.O., was promoted to the command of the IVth Corps. Though his promotion came as no surprise, and was indeed confidently expected, the departure of the General came nevertheless as a severe blow.
76. [ photo ]
Sketch map showing positions during the German Offensive, 21-26 March 1918.
77. [ photo ]
Battle of St. Quentin. No.8 Platoon, B Coy of the 7th Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders retiring along the Cambrai road near Beaumetz. Limbers of the 25th Division passing in the back ground. By kind permission of the IWM.
78. [ photo ]
The Croix de Guerre was awarded to the 6th Black Watch for their actions in July 1918 in the Second Battle of the Marne.
79. [ photo ]
Sketch map of 6th Seaforth Highlanders at the Bois de Courton in Champagne, 20-28 July 1918
80. [ photo ]
Sgt. John Meickle, 4th Seaforth Highlanders, Awarded Victoria Cross, 20th July 1918 near Marfaux, France.
81. [ photo ]
Men of the 6th Black Watch resting by the roadside on the way back to St. Imoges after the capture of the Bois de l'Aulnay, 25 July 1918, Battle of Tardenois. By kind permission of the IWM.
82. [ photo ]
Men of the 6th Black Watch about to encamp in woods near St. Imoges after the capture of the Bois de l'Aulnay, 25 July 1918, having been relieved by the French. By kind permission of the IWM.
83. [ photo ]
Sketch map showing the advance during the counter-attack in Champagne over 27th and 28th July 1918.
84. [ photo ]
An illustrated map showing area of operations of the Gordon Highlanders in late August 1918 during the Second Battles of Arras.
85. [ photo ]
Capture of the Greenland Hill by the 51st Division. Daylight patrol of the 6th Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders working forward towards Hausa and Delbar Woods. North-east of Roeux, 29 August 1918. Troops firing into a dug-out in a deserted German trench to dislodge any remaining Germans. By kind permission of the IWM. Q7112.
86. [ photo ]
Lieutenant William D Bissett, 1/6th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, Awarded the Victoria Cross, East of Maing, 25.10.18
87. [ photo ]
Document from Major-General C.A. Blacklock 63rd (Royal Naval) Division, issued at 0830 hrs on 11th November 1918, signalling the end of WW1.
Kindly shared with the us by Mr Ian Campbell who's Father, Archibald Blair Campbell, served with the 8th Argylls. Campbell is believed to have been bequeathed the document by his Commanding Officer, Colonel Colin McLeod Robertson.
88. [ photo ]
Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig inspecting the Guard of Honour of C Company, 6th Battalion, Gordon Highlanders, in preparation for the visit of Marshal Foch to British Advanced GHQ at Iwuy. Haig was Commander-in-Chief on the Western Front 1915 - 1918.
89. [ photo ]
Faubourg-d'Amiens Cemetery is in the western part of the town of Arras in the Boulevard du General de Gaulle, near the Citadel, approximately 2 kilometres due west of the railway station.
90. [ photo ]
The Commonwealth section of the Faubourg-d'Amiens Cemetery was begun in March 1916, behind the French military cemetery established earlier. It continued to be used by field ambulances and fighting units until November 1918. The cemetery was enlarged after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the battlefields and from two smaller cemeteries in the vicinity. The cemetery contains 2651 Commonwealth Burials of the First World War.
91. [ photo ]
Memorial sculpture by G.H. Paulin. Unveiled at Beaumont-Hamel in 1924 by Marshal Foch.
92. [ photo ]
Photograph of the Memorial at Beaumont Hamel (Somme) included in the official programme on the unveiling on 28th September 1924. A figure can be seen to the left of the photo, providing a reference to the size of the monument.
93. [ photo ]
Cover of the programme for the unveiling of the monument at Beaumont-Hamel, 1924.
94. [ photo ]
Second page of the programme for the unveiling of the monument at Beaumont-Hamel, 1924.
95. [ photo ]
Third page of the programme for the unveiling of the monument at Beaumont-Hamel, 1924.
96. [ photo ]
Forth page of the programme for the unveiling of the monument at Beaumont-Hamel, 1924.
97. [ photo ]
Fifth page of the programme for the unveiling of the monument at Beaumont-Hamel, 1924.
98. [ photo ]
Sixth page of the programme for the unveiling of the monument at Beaumont-Hamel, 1924.
99. [ photo ]
Seventh and final page of the Unveiling programme for the Memorial at Beaumont-Hamel. Page contains a poem entitled "The Tryst", written by Lauchlan MacLean Watt. Published in "Northern Numbers : Representative Selections From Certain Living Scottish Poets", Edited by C. M. GRIEVE and published by T. N. FOULIS. 1921.
100. [ photo ]
Extract from a copy of the original ceremony programme for the inauguration of the statue in the Beaumont Memorial Park in France on Sunday 28th September 1924.
101. [ photo ]
Photograph from a copy of the original ceremony programme for the inauguration of the statue in the Beaumont Memorial Park in France on Sunday 28th September 1924. The caption reads "A General View of the Assembly at the Unveiling Ceremony".
102. [ photo ]
2nd Battalion The Highlanders ACF at Beaumont Hamel Memorial
103. [ photo ]
A statue of a Black Watch soldier has been unveiled in Belgium to mark the centenary of World War One. The bronze statue, designed by Edinburgh sculptor Alan Herriot, was installed in front of 300 regimental veterans at Black Watch Corner.